Early man relied on hunting for food. In search of food, they would travel long distances, sometimes even for weeks and at times for months. They mostly traveled in groups. Since meat and wild fruits were the only food available, their diet was rich in protein and vitamins but the diet was extremely short in carbohydrates. The flabs around a man’s waistline are due to the introduction of carbohydrates. According to the researchers, the man’s genetic component is adverse to carbohydrates and that is why they are not able to tolerate as well as women. All these are theories though.
We have to understand that food, exercise and genetics are not the only challenges that a man has to battle in order to overcome obesity. Testosterone levels also play an important role in weight gain. Even after following a proper diet and exercise regime some men have the tendency towards obesity and the reason is the testosterone levels in their bodies are lower than normal standards. Moreover, obesity and diabetes are likely to follow each other.
Weight loss isn’t only a matter of looking good rather it is associated with real health issues. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, abnormal triglycerides, fatty liver sleep apnea, asthma and cancer of the colon, all these disorders are triggered or associated with obesity.
So what are the basics of weight loss? There are many fitness channels on YouTube and on the television, fitness apps, and herbs and pills claiming to show wonders in the battle to shed some of those pounds. There are multiple ways to reduce weight, but only one is proven for everyone – eat right and move more. Researchers agree that men need to eat a well-balanced diet with lean protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Maintaining a balanced diet is the key to weight loss and a 30 mins exercise regime combined with it can boost up the body’s metabolism. However, even after bringing enormous positive changes in one’s lifestyle the weight does not reduce then it is a good idea to consult a physician for a testosterone test. A simple testosterone patch may be enough to reduce the impact of low testosterone on weight, strength, muscle development and libido.
Obesity is also a risk factor and concern for the development of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer cells are usually not detected in the early phases because due to lower levels of testosterone in obese men. So, early detection is not common, but rather it is being discovered late and in advanced stages.
Low testosterone and high estrogen are one of the hormone imbalances related to obesity. Low testosterone produces symptoms such as decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, low energy, trouble concentrating, decreased muscle and bone density, increased fat storage, depression, and insomnia.
The Body Mass Index is the ratio of the body weight assessed in the parameters of height and weight. An individual must hold to an optimal weight for every height to be termed as healthy. It is used as the diagnostic indicator to indicate if they are overweight, obese, underweight, or normal in weight. However, BMI does not estimate the measure the body fat percentage. A body mass index (BMI) of 25, internationally considered the cut-off for a healthy body weight, but this is not true for Indians or other South Asians. Asians exhibit unique features of obesity – excess body fat, abdominal adiposity, increased intra-abdominal fat and fat deposits in ectopic sites (liver and muscle). Obesity is a major trigger for the widely prevalent type 2 diabetes in Asians. Based on the percentage of body fat and morbidity data, limits of normal BMI are narrower and lower in Asians. A BMI of 23 or more should work as the warning sign for Indians. Obesity should also take into consideration the waist circumference. In males fat gets deposited between the organs, in females, it forms a ring around the abdomen. This is why you can tell typically someone’s sex from their MRI and why liposuction is easier in females.
Different treatment options for obesity:
Diet and exercise: It is a means to help lose weight. However, for many people, it is very difficult that it becomes inevitable for them to keep it off. Many men are able to lose about 30 pounds over a course of a year but one year after that they usually gain it back plus an additional 30 pounds. So while diet and exercise prove helpful for many people it is also very difficult for others.
Medications: Medications are designed to help curb the hunger or to help increase the metabolism. Usually, there are some side-effects associated with medications; therefore, it is extremely important to use them only after a consultation with a doctor.
Surgery: Weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery is a viable option for many people. There are a few different surgeries that are available to people to help them lose weight. You must have a certain BMI to meet the qualifications for surgery, for e.g., the BMI must be 30 or greater with an obesity-related illness. The surgeries available are the Lap band, the gastric sleeve, or the gastric bypass. One must be healthy enough to undergo a major operation.