All About Bariatric Surgery

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It’s 2018 and the need to be fit and healthy is surely catching on. Everywhere you look, a new diet or exercise regimen is being promoted as the “holy grail” of a healthy life. No one can deny the massive change that has occurred in the lifestyle of people over the past few years. People are adopting crazy routines, going on insane diets and spending tons of money to achieve the fit version of themselves.

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One such procedure that has taken the world by storm is Bariatric Surgery. Now bariatric surgery has been around since the 1950s but they are recently gaining popularity amongst the masses due to their effectiveness.

In Bariatric surgery, the size of the stomach is reduced, either by cutting off a portion of the stomach or sealing part of the stomach with a gastric band and rerouting the small intestine to the small pouch. Sounds gory, doesn’t it? How it works is that since the size of the stomach is reduced, you end up feeling full sooner than you normally would. You drop weight by eating less!! And all without the pains of a diet!!

Now it may be easy to get bariatric surgery confused with liposuction but there are vast differences between the two. Liposuction focuses on reducing fat excess from specific areas. It is a short-term solution that only reduces the existing fat from the body. Bariatric surgery is a long-term solution focusing on targeting the root cause of the excess fat.

Doctors recommend bariatric surgery to people who are morbidly obese with a BMI of over or around 40. It can also be allowed in case the person suffers from diabetes or heart-related diseases due to excess body fat.

Immediately after the surgery, the patient is put on a clear liquid diet and they slowly make the transition to solid food. Due to the restriction on the food the person can eat, they are prescribed certain multivitamins to ensure proper nutrition. A high protein, low-fat diet is also recommended. Due to the risk of dehydration, it is suggested that the patient drink as much water as possible and stay hydrated thought-out the day.

Bariatric surgery is very effective for weight loss. Besides that, it also results in the improved cardiovascular health of the patient and is hugely effective in case of treating people with type 2 diabetes. It also greatly reduces the risk of mortality for a person and cures various other weight-related medical ailments like joint pain, etc.

However, just like any other surgery, there are certain risks associated with this surgery as well.

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Most common side effects include nausea, vomiting, low blood sugar and malnutrition. The person may also develop gallstones due to the rapid weight loss and may develop an infection impaired ability to handle stomach acid. In some cases, the person may not lose any weight at all or may develop some infection due to the procedure.

Do the positives outweigh the risk?  Well, that is up to you to decide. But it should be kept n mind that consulting an experienced doctor or surgeon for the bariatric surgery may reduce the chances of these risks.

Obese people should always consult a trusted doctor to decide the best course of action and treatment for them. Different things might work for different people—even the type of bariatric surgery that the doctors recommended may differ from person to person.

Just remember, before surgery or after surgery, the focus should be on creating a healthy lifestyle with a balance of good food and exercise. Just do that and the results will be yours for the taking.

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