Away from family, in a distant land they live, but not under livable circumstances. They are humans, but live in the most inhuman of conditions. They are the ones who are the victims of ‘Human Trafficking’, the most thriving and elusive nexus in the country.
Men, women and children- anybody can be a victim of this network and once trafficked out of their home these bonded labourers suffer the worst kind of exploitation. Trafficking in Persons is technically defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.
To put a face to those trafficked could be anyone, from the child beggars you see at the street signals or the gardener you see in your neighbour’s garden or the loud-attired prostitute you see in the red light areas of your city. At the outset they might look like the most menacing beings, but you scratch their façade and they might have a heartening tale of woes to narrate.
Demographically they often belong to the underprivileged strata of the society, where either children get stolen from parents who were too busy earning their square meals a day or their poverty compelled them to sell their children. In case of men and women, at times their naivety lands them in this mess of human traffickers.
They get sold off to faraway cities from their hometowns or at times they are smuggled to different countries in Middle East. In fact in many cases of human trafficking it has been reported that victims from Bangladesh and Nepal end up in deplorable conditions as prostitutes or domestic labourers in India.
The extreme amount of exploitation and their inhabitable living conditions result in severe stress and anxiety disorder in these victims. At times the amount of psychological scar is so deep that even if they are fortunate to be rescued from this nexus in their lifetime, the negative impact on their mind cannot be erased. Women who are forcedinto trafficking are also at a higher risk of contracting the HIV virus, STDs and TB. Be it physiological or psychological, the victims of human trafficking are spared by none.